The EAN-8 barcode format is a compressed format of the EAN-13 barcode, only containing 7 digits plus one checksum digit, and is generally used in places where a fullsized EAN-13 barcode would not fit.

EAN-8 Barcode

To calculate the parity, we use the same process as with the EAN-13 barcode. We first need add up the 7 digits of the barcode with the weighting applied. For the EAN-7 barcode, the weighting of each digit which is in an odd-numbered position is 1 and for even-numbered positions, the weighting is 3. To find the sum, we need to multiply each digit by its weighting before adding it together.

Once we have the weighted sum, we apply a modulo 10 to the weighted sum, which gets the remainder after applying a modulo of 10 to the weighted sum.

The parity is then 10 – (modulo 10 of the weighted sum).

Now that we have an 8 digit number, we can encode it.

Like EAN-13, we split up the 8 digits we need to print into two blocks of 4 with a guard bar at the beginning and end of the barcode and one in the middle of the barcode too. The end guard bars are encoded as 101, while the middle guard bar is 01010.

The main difference now is that the parity digit is included in the barcode itself, rather than used to change the encoding, so it is remarkably simpler to implement.

For first 4 digits (the left hand side of the barcode) are encoded with the following encoding, which are the same as the odd parity encodings for the left hand side of EAN-13:

 0 0001101 1 0011001 2 0010011 3 0111101 4 0100011 5 0110001 6 0101111 7 0111011 8 0110111 9 0001011

The right hand side encodings (the last 4 digits) are the same as the right hand codings of EAN-13.
The encodings are as follows:

 0 1110010 1 1100110 2 1101100 3 1000010 4 1011100 5 1001110 6 1010000 7 1000100 8 1001000 9 1110100

Here is the code to encode the barcode. The full source code is available here

```namespace BarcoderLib
{
public class BarcodeEAN8
{
private string gLeftGuard = "101";
private string gCentreGuard = "01010";
private string gRightGuard = "101";
private string[] gLH = { "0001101", "0011001", "0010011", "0111101", "0100011", "0110001", "0101111", "0111011", "0110111", "0001011" };
private string[] gRH = { "1110010", "1100110", "1101100", "1000010", "1011100", "1001110", "1010000", "1000100", "1001000", "1110100" };
private int[] gWeighting = { 3, 1, 3, 1, 3, 1, 3};
private string gLongBars = "1110000000000000000000000000000111110000000000000000000000000000111";

public Bitmap Encode(string message)
{
string encodedMessage;
string fullMessage;

Bitmap barcodeImage = new Bitmap(250, 100);
Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(barcodeImage);

Validate(message);
fullMessage = message + CalcParity(message).ToString().Trim();
encodedMessage = EncodeBarcode(fullMessage);

PrintBarcode(g, encodedMessage, fullMessage, 250, 100);

return barcodeImage;
}
private void Validate(string message)
{

Regex reNum = new Regex(@"^\d+\$");
if (reNum.Match(message).Success == false)
{
throw new Exception("Encode string must be numeric");
}

if (message.Length != 7)
{
throw new Exception("Encode string must be 7 digits long");
}
}

private void PrintBarcode(Graphics g, string encodedMessage, string message, int width, int height)
{
SolidBrush whiteBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.White);
SolidBrush blackBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.Black);
Font textFont = new Font(FontFamily.GenericMonospace, 10, FontStyle.Regular);
g.FillRectangle(whiteBrush, 0, 0, width, height);

int xPos = 20;
int yTop = 10;
int barHeight = 50;
int barGuardHeight = 7;

for (int i = 0; i < encodedMessage.Length; i++)
{
if (encodedMessage[i] == '1')
{
if (gLongBars[i] == '1')
{
g.FillRectangle(blackBrush, xPos, yTop, 1, barHeight + barGuardHeight);
}
else
{
g.FillRectangle(blackBrush, xPos, yTop, 1, barHeight);
}
}
xPos += 1;
}

xPos = 20;
yTop += barHeight - 3;

xPos += 1;
for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
{
g.DrawString(message[i].ToString().Trim(), textFont, blackBrush, xPos, yTop);
xPos += 7;
}
xPos += 4;

for (int i = 4; i < message.Length; i++)
{
g.DrawString(message[i].ToString().Trim(), textFont, blackBrush, xPos, yTop);
xPos += 7;
}

}

private string EncodeBarcode(string message)
{
int i;

string encodedString = gLeftGuard;

for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
{
encodedString += gLH[Convert.ToInt32(message[i].ToString())];
}
encodedString += gCentreGuard;

for (i = 4; i < 8; i++)
{
encodedString += gRH[Convert.ToInt32(message[i].ToString())];
}
encodedString += gRightGuard;

return encodedString;
}

private int CalcParity(string message)
{
int sum = 0;
int parity = 0;

for (int i = 0; i < 7; i++)
{
sum += Convert.ToInt32(message[i].ToString()) * gWeighting[i];
}

parity = 10 - (sum % 10);
if (parity == 10)
{
parity = 0;
}
return parity;

}
}
}

```